- Defense & Strategy White Papers
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White Paper for the Papua New Guinea Defense Force.
As per information provided by Wikipedia, the defense force suffers from shortages. The Enhanced Defence Partnership mandates external assistance from both Australia and New Zeeland. This white paper will cover a haul over and training program for the entire PNGDF. Geography information states that roughly 98% of available land mass is a tropical rain forest, forest swamp and other none habitable land with the largest untrained rain forest in the world. It also consists of a range of large and smaller island making it challenging to defend. Budget wise it will also be a challenge to maintain an adequate force with the right equipment. Economic utilize will need to be provided for the government to provide a larger budget. Foreign assistance goes a long way but these sources can dry up or change due to political issues. The best way would be to provide assistance in phases covering military and economic issues. By increasing the overall government budget the military budget can be increased accordingly. The end result will be that Papua New Guinea will be self-sufficient and capable of maintaining a moderate sized self-defense force.
There will be no need for any heavy armor as urban, (tropical)forest and swamp will make it impossible to use such heavy weapons effectively. Combine the land and air element in a marine corps style branch with the navy as a separate branch.
Both branches then forming the PNGDF reducing administration costs and other related overhead. Further reducing the administration costs with the new model for command units as described in my Knight Raiders White Paper, HCT/HCC & HCB.
However it will still remain a relatively small force for such a large country, there for it would be wise to adopt a guerilla style doctrine. Thus still require reinforcements to repel large scale attacks. The final force will consist of 2 brigades, 4 Navy Flotillas and mixed support service of military and civilian personnel. Reference to final force PNGDF_Org_Chart.jpg attached at bottom of this White Paper. Most aid should be seen as donations in the form of military equipment and funding to support economic growth.
Forming the current 2 brigade's structure and assigning current battalions accordingly. Forming the 3 Navy surface flotilla, Start training for the submarine flotilla. Replacing equipment and buying new equipment by purchasing/donations, planning future upgrades and replacement for all phases. Providing an economic stimulus to drastically increase the GDP.
Obtaining Heavy equipment such as vehicles AA/AT and artillery training their crews, planning in both phase 2 and 3. Start training aircrews for rotary and fixed wing aircraft, the first batch of aircraft into operation. Raising the corresponding Battalions AA/AT/Arty providing equipment, OTO Melara Mod56, L118 LG, 60 and 120mm mortars, Spike AT, Panzerfaust 3, RBS 70, Starstreak or any of their Russian counterparts(Purchasing and maintenance costs will be VITAL!) Vehicles of interest will be Ivecp LMV, BvS 206s/10, M113. Helicopters of interest: Airbus Cougar, AW139M, AW109LUH, Mi-8/17, Mi-28NE, T129. Aircraft of interest: CN 235, C212, II-76MF, A400m. Starting to replace the current navy ships with better more capable ships.
Corvette & Patrol boat class ships for better coastal coverage, new build, 2nd hand or convert from merchant ships.
Ordering 2 to 4 submarines, either new build or 2nd hand and finishing the formation of the naval surface flotillas. The second phase of forming and/or finalizing all the battalions with the corresponding equipment, if the budget does not permit a selection of items should be moved to phase 4.
Balancing the final budget, the final adjustments to maintain optimal operational readiness vs costs. The last delivery of surface and submarines and some vehicles and aircraft. Plans from any of the above phases that were not able to meet their target should be finalized here. Will most likely be equipment and staff for larger more costly items such a navy ships, aircraft etc. This plan should be seen over 10+ years where it is vital that the GDP grows at a steady and sustainable rate improving the living standard overall. It is of the utmost importance that the equipment has low maintenance costs and has an above average lifespan so that the budget remains predictable and balanced. The weather and terrain conditions are rugged and should not be underestimated.
Doctrine: Guerilla Warfare.
The unforgiving landscape of Papua New Guinea does not favor traditional warfare. And also the current formation is also not suitable to repel large scale attacks. However, this is the ideal place and situation for a guerilla style doctrine. The use of vehicles especially heavy vehicles is almost impossible. Vehicles do have a place in some of the urban terrain for transport and fire support. Or transport in general with the available road network in place or to be built. The remote place is most effectively supplied by air, depots can be supplied using roads and rivers. But with doctrine as this must take into account that the normal supply's routes may not be saved to use in times of conflict.
The material must also travel over small jungle and mountain trails and should be suitable to do so. Light, sturdy and easy to handle is a must in this doctrine. A network of small supply's depots should be made under the jungle canopy or in mountain caves. The logistics and supply units must also consider alternate locations that could be used to create makeshift supply depots if needed. How various current and possible supply depots can be accessed when the battlefield shifts.
Airlifting supply's should be done where possible at a low level and at night to remain undetected. The navy should also adopt guerilla-style tactics, disrupt enemy shipping and/or supply lines.
Insert commando teams behind enemy lines, for this reason, the navy will deploy submarines. Surface ships should be allowed in case of war to relocate to Australia or New Zealand.